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Interesting Facts

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The Effects Women exposed to lead before and during pregnancy.

Women who were exposed to lead before and during pregnancy are at risk as well as the unborn baby. Lead can be absorbed by inspiration where it is then absorbed into the blood of the mother. When the lead is in the bloodstream of the mother, it can then pass through the placenta and eventually be absorbed by the fetus. Once in the fetus, the lead can be stored in the baby’s developing bones or other organs. Women who were exposed to lead before pregnancy may still have lead stored in the bones and teeth. Pregnant woman have a tendency to be depleted of calcium (especially when the right diet isn’t followed) and her body may then substitute the lead in her bones as the calcium that the baby needs. Lead exposure can have major effects on the fetus as it can influence brain development (especially later in life). It is known that fetuses that have been exposed to lead can be born prematurely or underweight.  (http://www.leadsafeillinois.org/family-safety/pregnancy.asp )

The Hazards in Household cleaning products:

Cleaning products contain chemicals that can be hazardous to your health and it doesn’t even have to be industrial cleaning chemicals. The following household cleaning products can be hazardous:

  • AIR FRESHENERS: contain formaldehyde, a highly toxic, known carcinogen, and phenol. Phenol can cause skin irritation and swelling when it comes in contact with the skin.

  • AMMONIA: is a very volatile chemical and can cause health effects such as on the eyes, skin and respiratory tract.

  • ANTIBACTERIAL CLEANERS: may contain triclosan, which is absorbed through the skin and can be tied to liver damage.

  • BLEACH: is a strong corrosive. It can cause severe irritation to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. If bleach is ingested it can lead to vomiting, pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs) and in severe cases to a coma. It will irritate or burn the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. It may cause pulmonary edema or vomiting and coma if ingested.

  • CHLORINE: can be lethal if overexposure takes places. Scientists won't handle chlorine without protective gloves, facemasks, and ventilation, yet it is in most store-brand cleaners, including dishwasher detergents. The harmful effects are intensified when the fumes are heated, as in the shower.

  • FURNITURE POLISH: contain petroleum distillates. These chemical substances are highly flammable and they can even cause skin and lung cancer when overexposure persists. They contain nitrobenzene, which is easily absorbed through the skin and extremely toxic.

  • LAUNDRY ROOM PRODUCTS: Laundry detergents contain phosphorus, enzymes, ammonia, naphthalene, phenol, sodium nitilotriacetate and countless other chemicals. These substances are known to be an irritant to the skin, eyes and even the respiratory tract if one is overexposed to it.

  • OVEN CLEANER: is one of the most toxic products in the household cleaning range. They contain lye and ammonia, which can be very corrosive to the skin and the fumes can have major effects on the respiratory system.

  • TOILET BOWL CLEANERS: usually contain hydrochloric acid which is corrosive and can lead to skin and eye irritation and it can even cause liver and kidney damage if overexposure persists. Toilet bowl cleaners can cause fumes when it comes in contact with other chemicals such as chlorine. These fumes can in turn lead to pulmonary edema, vomiting and even in severe cases coma.
    (http://www.mamashealth.com/doc/cleanprod.asp)

How working conditions such as ergonomics and noise can cause tension Headaches:

It is found that 7 out of 10 people suffer from a headache once a year. Headaches may involve one part of the head, or it can exist in the entire head. Different variants of pain can be experienced with a headache. It can be a pulsating pain (constant and dull) or the pain can be sharp and quick. Some headaches can lead to further symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Three types can be classified: Tension Headaches, Cluster Headaches and Migraine Headaches. Tension Headaches can be described as a typical tightened feeling on both sides of the head. They can last for minutes or days and can happen quite frequently. Working environments can play a major roll on the development of Tension Headaches. Factors like stress or bad posture (ergonomics) can cause tightening of the muscles in the neck and scalp. With the onset of Tension Headaches, other factors such as heat exposure and noise exposure can worsen the Headache. These types of headaches are mostly common in women over the age of 20. Tension Headache can furthermore lead to other symptoms of fatigue and this in turn can increase the risk of injuries of other health and physiological effects.
(http://www.acponline.org/patients_families/diseases_conditions/headaches/)

The Effects of long term exposure to hair dyes:

According to the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and National Toxicology Program (NTP) people who are exposed to hair dyes in the working environment, such as hairdressers and barbers, can be at risk to get cancer if the long-term exposure persists. There is still much research to be done on this subject. These statements are based on the types of chemicals that are in hair dyes and some of these chemicals have a carcinogenic tendency.

Other health effects that hair dyes do have with prolonged exposure are: serious eye and skin irritation. In some instances, hair dye can cause hair loss. Therefore it should be recommended that the appropriate measures be taken to avoid contact with the skin and eyes.

(http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/othercarcinogens/intheworkplace/hair-dyes)

 

The effects of Lighting in health care settings:

The health and the performance of a person in the working place are highly affected by the illumination of the working environment. Not only do light influence the working ability of performing working tasks, it can influence a person physiologically on a high level. It is found that sufficient lighting in the working place can greatly reduce depression. This study has been proven where patients in brightly lit hospitals tended to recover more efficiently. It was also found that sufficient lighting decreased agitation among dementia patients, eased pain, and staff adjusted better when working night shifts. Furthermore, the presence of windows and sufficient exposure to natural light during day have been linked to a more satisfied working environment and a more positive physiological mood. Therefore it is important that there be adequate and appropriate exposure to light to assure the health and well-being of patients and the staff in many health care settings and even in general working environments. Where possible, natural light should also be incorporated into the lighting systems, to satisfy the need of employees to be exposed to adequate and sufficient light.
(http://www.healthdesign.org/sites/default/files/CHD_Issue_Paper2.pdf)